December 2: Prophet Habakkuk (Abbacum) (7th c. b.c.); Martyr Myrope of Chios, under Decius (251); Martyr Abibus the New (Abibus of Edessa), Deacon, burned at the stake (ca.307-323); Saints John, Heraclemon, Andrew and Theophilus, of Oxyrhynchus, hermits of Egypt (4th c.) (see also June 12); Saint Moses the Confessor (Moses the Economos); Venerable Jesse (Ise, Isidore), Bishop of Tsilkani in Georgia (6th c.); Saint Solomon, Archbishop of Ephesus; Saint Evasius, First Bishop of Brescia in Italy; Saint Lupus (Luperius), Bishop of Verona in Italy, Confessor; Martyrs Eusebius - a priest, Marcellus - a deacon, Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, Paulina, Neon, Mary, Martana, and Aurelia - under Valerian (ca.254-259); Martyr Pontian, with four others, at Rome, under Valerian (ca. 259); Virgin-Martyr Vibiana of Rome (Bibiana, Viviana) (ca.361-363); Saint Chromatius, Bishop of Aquileia near Venice, friend of St John Chrysostom, Confessor (406); Martyrs Severus, Securus, Januarius and Victorinus, martyrs in North Africa who suffered under the Vandals (ca. 450); Saint Silverius, Pope of Rome (537); Saint Trumwine of Abercorn (Trumwin of Whitby), the only ever Bishop of the Northumbrian see of the Picts (late 7th c.); Saint Cyril of Phileotes (in the vicinity of Derkos, in Thrace) (1110); Venerable Abbacum the Ascetic of Cyprus, Wonderworker (late 12th c.); Saint Athanasius “the Resurrected,” recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Near Caves (1176); Saint Athanasius, recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Far Caves (1264); Saint Stephen-Urosh V, King of Serbia (1371), and his mother St. Helena (1376), of Serbia; Venerable Ioannicius of Devič, Serbia, monk (1430) (see also December 1); Venerable Alexei (Kabaliuk) of Carpathia, Apostle of Carpatho-Russia (1947) (see also October 21); Venerable Porphyrios (Bairaktaris) the Kapsokalivite, Athonite Elder (1991); New Hieromartyr John, priest (1919); New Hieromartyr Matthew (Alexandrov), priest of Simferopol-Crimea (1921); New Hieromartyr Demetrius, priest, and Venarable Vera, Confessor (1932); Hieromartyrs Constantine (Nekrasov) and Nicholas (Vinogradsky), Protopresbyters of Moscow (1937); Hieromartyrs Sergius (Felitsin), Vladimir (Preferansov), John (Derzhavin), Theodore, Nicholas, John, Nicholas, Priests (1937); Hieromartyrs Danact of Moscow and Alma Ata (Priest-monk), and Cosmas (1937); Woman Hieromartyrs (Nuns) - Theuromia (Febronia (Ishina)), Tamara, Antonina (1937); Lay woman - Mary (Dmitrievska) (1937); Virgin-martyrs - Mary and Matrona (1937); Virgin-martyr Mary (1938); Martyr Boris (1942); Other commemorations: Repose of Elder Luke “the Guestmaster” of Valaam (Schema-abbot Luke), (1965).
The Holy Prophet Habakkuk, the eighth of the Twelve Minor Prophets, was descended from the Tribe of Simeon, and he prophesied around 650 B.C.
The Prophet Habakkuk foresaw the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple, the Babylonian Captivity and the later return of the captives to their native land. During the war with the Babylonians the prophet withdrew to Arabia, where the following miracle occurred. When he was bringing dinner to the reapers, he met an angel of the Lord, and instantly by the strength of his spirit he was transported to Babylon, where at the time the Prophet Daniel was languishing in prison. The food intended for the reapers assuaged the hunger of the exhausted Prophet Daniel (Dan. 14:33-37).
After the end of the war with the Babylonians, the Prophet Habakkuk returned to his homeland and died at a great old age. His relics were found at the time of Emperor Theodosius the Great, together with the relics of the Prophet Micah (August 14).
The Fourth Ode of the Psalter ("O Lord, I have heard thy report, and was afraid...") is based on Habakkuk 3:2-19. His feast day is on December 2.