Жития на светиите Май

Свети мъченик Василиск

Свети мъченик Василиск. Свети мъченик Йоан-Владимир, княз Български чудотворец

22 май: Мчк Василиск воин, Комански [ок. 308 г.]. Прав. Мелхиседек, цар Салимски. Вмчк Йоан - Владимир, кн. Български, чудотв. [1016 г.]. Бл. Йаков, юродив Христа ради, Боровичски [ок. 1540 г.]. Свщмчк Захарий Витинийски [1802 г.]. Мчци Павел и Димитър Триполски [1818 г.]. Новосвщмчк Максим (Жижиленко), еп. Серпуховски [1931 г.]. Възпоменаване на II Вселенски Събор в Константинопол [381 г.]

Свети Василиск бил племенник на свети Теодор Тирон. Той страдал мъченически заедно с Евтропий, Клеоник (паметта им се празнува на 3 март), но бил посечен с меч подир тях.

Мъченията, на които той бил подложен, се придружавали от най-поразителни чудеса, за което свидетелствува техният очевидец свещеномъченик Евсигний (паметта му се чествува на 5 август).

Мъченик Василиск, както свидетелствуват мнозина историци, се явил на свети Йоан Златоуст преди неговата смърт и му казал: "Утре ще бъдем заедно". Свети мъченик Василиск пострадал в царуването на МаксиминРечник в 308 година.

Holy Martyr Basiliscus

The Holy Martyr Basiliscus was a nephew of the Great Martyr Theodore the Recruit (February 17), and he suffered together with his brothers Eutropius and Kleonikos during the persecution of the emperor Maximian Galerius (305-311). The holy martyrs Kleonikos and Eutropius (March 3) were crucified, but the martyr Basiliscus was sent to Comana where he was detained in prison.
The governor Agrippa arrived in the city of Amasea, and started a persecution against Christians. St Basiliscus in prison prepared himself for his impending ordeal. The Lord appeared to him in a dream, promising the martyr His help, and foretold his martyric death at Comana. St Basiliscus asked the prison guards to let him go to his native village to bid his relatives farewell. They let him go, since they respected him for his holy life and working of miracles. Arriving home, St Basiliscus saw his family one last time, and urged them to stand firmly in the Faith.
When Agrippa learned that St Basiliscus had gone to see his relatives, he went into a rage. He chastized the prison guards, and he sent a detachment of soldiers after the martyr, headed by a cruel magistrianum (adjutant of the governor). Meeting St Basiliscus, who was actually on his way back, the magistrianum placed heavy chains on him, and shod him with metal sandals with nails driven into the soles, and set off to Comana.
Arriving at a certain village during the hot afternoon, the travellers stayed at the house of a woman named Troana. The soldiers went into the house to relax and refresh themselves with food, and they tied the martyr Basiliscus to a dry tree. Standing in the heavy chains beneath the scorching sun, the saint prayed to God. Suddenly a Voice was heard from above, "Fear not, for I am with you."
The earth shook, and a spring of water came forth from the fissure. The magistrianum, the soldiers and Troana, rushed out of the house, frightened by the earthquake. Shaken by the miracle which had taken place, they set the martyr free. Sick people from the village came to the holy martyr and received healing through his prayers.
When the saint finally stood before Agrippa, he was commanded to offer sacrifice to the pagan gods. He replied, "I offer to God a sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving every hour." They led him into a pagan temple. In a instant fire came down from Heaven, which burned the temple, and reduced the idols to dust. Then in a blind rage Agrippa gave orders to behead St Basiliscus and throw his body into the river. The death of the martyr occurred in the year 308.
Christians quickly gathered the remains of the holy martyr, and buried them by night in a ploughed field. Upon this spot a church was built in honor of St Basiliscus, into which they transferred his relics. Through the prayers of the holy martyr healings began to occur. The saint appeared in a dream to St John Chrysostom (November 13) before his death at Comana and said to him, "Tomorrow we shall be together." St Eusignius (August 5) was an eyewitness to his sufferings and told the world about the struggles of St Basiliscus.

Св. мчк Йоан-Владимир, княз Български чудотворец

Житие на свети великомъченик княз Иоан-Владимир

Свети княз Йоан-Владимир управлявал областите Зета и Далмация. По природа той бил миролюбив, благочестив и добродетелен. Във война с българския цар Самуил, който управлявал Западната българска държава, той бил взет в плен, но Самуил го оженил за своята дъщеря Теодора-Косара и го върнал на неговия престол.

След трагичната смърт на цар Самуил, който умрял на 6 октомври 1014 г. от сърдечен удар, когато видял пленените и ослепени български войници, възцарил се син му Гавриил-Радомир, но византийското коварство подстрекало братовчеда му Иван-Владислав, който го убил и заел престола. Боейки се от отмъщение или от законните права на Йоан-Владимир, Иван Владислав го поканил при себе си чрез посредството на Охридския архиепископ Давид уж за мирни разговори.

Кроткият и незлобив Йоан-Владимир повярвал на църковното пратеничество и приел поканата, но Иван-Владислав още при самото пристигане в столицата изпратил убийци да му отсекат главата. И понеже мечът поради някаква причина не могъл да уязви Йоан-Владимир, той кротко подал на убиеца своя меч с думите: "Искаш да ме убиеш, брате, но не можеш. Ето моят меч! Готов съм да бъда убит, както Исак и Авел!" Злодеят го посякъл.

Тогава станало чудо. Светият мъченик се втурнал с посечената си глава в ръце и влязъл в близката църква, в която вече паднал и предал на Господа светата си душа на 22 май 1016 г. Жена му отнесла тялото му в неговите владения и тържествено го погребала в църквата, при която сама завършила живота си в пост и молитва.

След две години убиецът Иван-Владислав умрял от внезапна страшна смърт чрез невидима ръка и България паднала под византийско робство за 168 години. Нетленните мощи на св. Княз Йоан-Владимир са прославени с изтичане на целебно миро и с извършване на чудеса. Те се намират в град Елбасан (Албания).

Feasts 22 may

Feasts: Commemoration of the Holy Fathers of the Second Ecumenical Council (381); Saints: Righteous Melchizedek, King of Salem (ca. 2000 B.C.); Martyr Sophia the Healer (physician); Martyr Marcellus, by being placed in molten lead; Martyr Codratus (Quadratus), by being dragged by horses; Martyr Basiliscus of Comana, Bishop (ca.285-305); Saint Donatus of Thmuis, Bishop and Martyr (316); Saint John Vladimir, Prince of Bulgaria, King of Serbia, Great-martyr and Wonderworker (1015); Saint Ausonius, first Bishop of Angoulême (1st c. or 3rd c.); Saint Marcian of Ravenna, Bishop and Confessor (ca.127); Martyrs Castus and Emilius, by fire, in Carthage (250); Martyrs Timothy, Faustinus and Venustus, in Rome, under Julian the Apostate (362); Saint Helen of Carnarvon (Elen Luyddog, Helen of Caernarfon), Princess, a late 4th-century founder of churches in Wales, and wife of Emperor Magnus Clemens Maximus (383-388); Saint Helen of Auxerre (ca.418); Saint Julia of Corsica the martyr, who was crucified (5th c.); Saint Quiteria the virgin-martyr, in Spain (5th c.); Saint Romanus of Subiaco (Romanus of Auxerre), ascetic who ministered to Saint Benedict of Nursia (560); Saint Fulk (ca.600); Saint Boethian of Pierrepont (near Laon), Irish Benedictine monk, martyred in France (7th c.); Saint Conall (Conald, Coel), of Inniskeel (Inniscoel, Innis-coel), County Donegal, Abbot of the island monastery of Inniskeel, where there is a holy well dedicated to him (7th c.); Saint John of Parma, abbot of Saint John's at Parma from 973 to c.982, then under Cluniac observance (ca.982); Saint Bobo (Beuvon), hermit (ca.985); Saint Kali of Asia Minor (ca.14th c.); New Hieromartyr Zachariah of Prussa (1802); Blessed James, youth, of Borovichi (Novgorod), Wonderworker (1540); New Martyr Demetrios of Peloponnesos (1803) (see also April 14); New Monk-martyr Paul of Mt. Athos, at Tripolis in the Peloponnese (1818); New Hieromartyr Michael, priest (1942); Other Commemorations: Synaxis of the Cyprus Icon ("Sophianois" Icon) of the Most Holy Mother of God (also commemorated on the Sunday of Orthodoxy, Pentecost Monday, April 20, and July 9); Repose of Cleopas of Valaam, disciple of Saint Paisius Velichkovsky (1816); Repose of Eldress Macrina of Volos (1995).